Then the Normans pillaged and burned the surrounding area, in order to force Harold to come south and defend his people. Harold did not hesitate. By 12 October, he was back in London and gathering what forces he could to face William. By the 14th, he was on the way to Hastings. Harold drew up his army in three wedges on Senlac Ridge, overlooking the battlefield. With him he had little more than 5, footsore and weary men, ranged against a Norman force of up to 15, infantry, archers and cavalry.
Facing such odds, Harold had no choice but to fight a defensive battle. He was forced to rely on the much-vaunted English shield-wall, behind which his men could stand and let the Norman attacks break themselves.
The tactic was a great success. Again and again, the Norman knights hurled themselves against the English shields, but as the Bayeux tapestry shows, they were unable to make any headway. Then, on the Norman left, the Bretons under Count Alan began to give way. Orderic Vitalis takes up the story:. But the Duke, seeing a great part of the opposing army springing forwards to pursue his men, met them as they fled, threatening and striking them with his spear.
The whole incident is portrayed on the Bayeux tapestry. It was the turning point of the battle. Now the English wall had broken, and the Normans were able to lever open the cracks. Exhaustion and weight of numbers also took their toll.
Gyrth and Leofwine, the two remaining brothers of Harold are depicted being cut down on the tapestry, and Harold was soon to follow. We see him on the Bayeux tapestry taking an arrow in the eye and then being ridden down by a Norman cavalryman, one of four who managed to break through the English line and trample Harold into the ground.
Though the English still fought on bravely after their king had fallen, their cause was lost, and eventually they fled into the night. Tradition has it that William gave thanks to God for his victory and ordered that all in his army should do penance for the souls that they had killed that day.
He himself paid for the foundation of Battle Abbey on the spot where Harold fell. The body of Harold was eventually recovered after a long search, but its face was so badly disfigured that they had to bring it to his concubine, Edith Swan-neck, to identify by the intimate marks upon his body.
William kept his army in Hastings for about a week, then he marched through south-eastern England, via Dover and Canterbury, to London Bridge.
Finding this too heavily defended, he continued along the southern bank of the Thames to Wallingford, sending a detachment to take Winchester on the way. By now it was December, and the long campaign had sapped the English will to resist. Dover and Southwark had been razed to the ground, and William now had control of Canterbury, the religious centre of England, and Winchester, the ceremonial seat of the English kings.
At Wallingford, the first English submissions occurred. Archbishop Stigand of Canterbury led a delegation of important English bishops and thegns, who surrendered to William, and Wigot opened the gates of Wallingford to him. Place an order and see for yourself! It is definitely better to direct your efforts to more interesting fields and leave all the rest to custom paper writing service that is proficient here.
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Battle of Hastings. Battle of Hastings took place on 14 th October It was a battle between the English Army led by Anglo-Saxon King Harold II and the Norman-French Army led by Duke William II of the Normandy. This battle was fought during the conquest of Norman of England.
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William had more cavalry who wore chain mail armour and fought with spears and bow and arrows. This was an advantage to William because Harold had a few house carts and the rest were all farmers who he picked up on the way to the battle of Hastings, also Harold's men had to fight with spears and battle axes. The Battle of Hastings In October 14th the battle of hastings was fought between an English army under the leadership of Anglo Saxon king Harold and the Norman French army of the duke of Normandy,itsolutionkh.mlng the Norman conquest of England, it took about eleven kilometer northwest of hasting, close to the present day itsolutionkh.ml Noman took home victory.
Find free term papers, free essays online and other academic papers for colleges/universities on this itsolutionkh.ml battle of Hastings was held 10km away from Hastings itself and was fought at Senlac . In this essay I will be saying why William the Duke of Normandy won the battle of Hastings. I will be including these points: Williams’s good leadership, luck, preparation and tactics. One very important point as to why William won the battle of Hastings, was because William was a skilful, brave and determined leader who kept his army disciplined and under control.